Place-based Education:

Imaginative Education:

  • Blenkinsop, S. (2008). Imaginative ecological education: Six necessary components. In G. Judson (Ed.), Imagination 360˚: Effective learning through the imagination (pp. 139-148). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

Ecological & Environmental Education:

Inquiry Methods and Project Learning:


  • Sobel, D. (1999). Beyond ecophobia. Education For Life. (Adapted from volume one of the Orion Society Nature Literacy Series, Beyond Ecophobia: Reclaiming the Heart in Nature Education.)

Additional Reading List

  • Bowers, C. A. (1993). Education, cultural myths, and the ecological crisis: Toward deep changes. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press.
  • Cajete, G. (1994). Look to the mountain: An ecology of indigenous education. Durango, Colorado: Kivakí Press.
  • Carson, R. (1965). The sense of wonder. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Egan, K. (2005). An imaginative approach to teaching. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  • Gruenewald, D. (2003a). Foundations of place: A multidisciplinary framework for place-conscious education. American Educational Research Journal, 40(3), 619-654.
  • Hutchison, D. (1998). Growing up green: Education for ecological renewal. New York: Teachers College Press.
  • Nabhan, G. P., & Trimble, S. (1994). The geography of childhood: Why children need wild places. Boston: Beacon Press.
  • O’Sullivan, E., & Taylor, M. M. (2004). Learning toward an ecological consciousness: Selected transformative practices. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Smith, G. (2002). Place-based education: Learning to be where we are. Phi Delta Kappan, 83, 584-594.
  • Smith, G., & Williams, D. R. (1999). Ecological education in action: On weaving education, culture, and the environment. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
  • Sobel, D. (1999). Beyond ecophobia: Reclaiming the heart in nature education. Nature Study, 49(3-4). Retrieved October 27, 2006, from
  • Sobel, D. (2004). Place-based education: Connecting classrooms and communities. Great Barrington, MA: The Orion Society and The Myrin Institute.
  • Stone, M. K., & Barlow, Z. (Eds.). (2005). Ecological literacy: Educating our children for a sustainable world. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.
  • Thomashow, M. (1995). Ecological identity: Becoming a reflective environmentalist. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
  • Traina, F., & Darley-Hill, S. (Eds.). (1995). Perspectives in bioregional education. Troy, OH: North American Association for Environmental Education.